Etiegni Christine graduated from UNESCO-IHE Institute for Water Education, in Delft, the Netherlands, in April, 2008. Her MSc degree was in Environmental Science, specializing in planning and management and her research topic was "Enforcement and Compliance: Exploring the Missing Link in the Case of Lake Victoria Fisheries (Kenya). Currently, Ms. Etiegni is a PhD research fellow at UNESCO-IHE, Institute for Water Education. She is a member of Water Science and Engineering Department under the Aquatic Ecosystem Chair group. Her research topic is "Participatory Fisheries Governance in Lake Victoria (Kenya). Ms. Etiegni works with the State Department of Fisheries and Blue Economy in Kenya with experience spanning 19 years as a fisheries officer involved in fisheries resource governance, fish farming extension and fish quality assurance. She is also interested in gender issues especially in the fisheries sector.
TopicFisheries Governance and Institutions: Policy Challenges and Emerging Issue within Lake Victoria (Kenya) Fish Chain
Etiegni, C. A., Irvine, K., & Kooy, M. (2016). Playing by whose rules? Community norms and fisheries rules in selected beaches within Lake Victoria (Kenya) co-management. Environment, Development and Sustainability, 1-19. doi: 10.1007/s10668-016-9799-2
Etiegni, C. A., Ostrovskaya, E., Leentvaar, J., & Eizinga, F. (2011). Mitigation of illegal fishing activities: enhancing compliance with fisheries regulation in Lake Victoria (Kenya). Regional Environmental Change, 11(2), 323-334. doi: 10.1007/s10113-010-0134-4
Etiegni C. A. and Kundu R. (2011). The Role of Aquaculture in achieving the Millennium Development Goals. In: Aquaculture Development in Kenya: Towards food security , poverty alleviation and wealth creation. Samaki News Vol. VII. No. 1 October, 2011, pp 47-48.
Kundu R. and Etiegni C. A. Aquaculture development in Kenya: Can GIS provide the solution? In: Aquaculture Development in Kenya: Towards food security, poverty alleviation and wealth creation. Samaki News Vol. VII. No. 1 October, 2011, pp21-22.
Collaborative management (co-management) of natural resources has been advanced as a better way of managing natural resources in the world. This followed the failure of centralized and market based management approaches. Multiple conditions for ensuring success of co-management at national and community level have been identified. These include group homogeneity, participation by those affected, empowerment, accountability, defined membership and support from the government.
While this approach to natural resource management has been welcomed in many parts of the world, there is growing criticism about this approach to management. Co-management has been found to be ineffective as far as improving natural resource management and community livelihoods are concerned, with most critiques highlighting the wrong assumptions made concerning communities. Issues of lack of democracy, inadequate capacity, poor representation of the locals and lack of downward accountability have been presented. Co-management has been found to give power to local elites by marginalizing poor stakeholders and in some cases it also re-enforces state control.
It is not just enough to talk about participatory governance (co-management) without making sure that the factors that lead to successful participatory fisheries governance are put in place. Of paramount importance is to ensure that all the stakeholders are involved at all levels of decision making right from the planning phase to the implementation phase.
Lake Victoria fisheries still faces many challenges including illegal fishing despite reforms in fisheries governance system. To be able to make rational decisions about fisheries governance in Kenya, there is need for better understanding of fisheries institutions involved. Co-management has been promoted as the better approach to fisheries resource management in Kenya through the formation of Beach Management Units (BMUs), which are mainly community organizations, but this approach to management has not produced the expected results. Top on the list of co-management activities was eradication of illegal fishing activities and the reduction of fishing capacity in the lake. These have not been achieved.
This research aims at contributing to the understanding of collaborative management of fisheries resources of Lake Victoria. The concept of institutional bricolage is used to understand the contributions and effects of various fisheries institutions to Lake Victoria governance.
Funding Source: Netherlands Fellowship Programme (NFP).
Employer: State Department of Fisheries and Blue Economy, Kenya.